Credit: Image by OpenClipart-Vectors from Pixabay 

Writer-  Sachin Kumar,  M.Sc Biotechnology Research,  Shoolini University

Nowadays, artificial sweeteners are widely used in the food industries on a very large scale, and it is consumed by us on a daily basis. Artificial sugar are mainly sugar substitutes which includes aspartame, saccharin , and sucralose, these are mainly found in the soft drinks and processed foods. 

According to a study published in the international journal of molecular sciences, understanding the impacts of artificial sweeteners is very important to live a healthier life and decrease the frequency of the illness, These artificials sweeteners converts the useful or healthy bacteria of the gut  E.coli (Escherichia coli) and E. faecalis ( Enterococcus faecalis into the pathogenic bacteria. This change mainly by the formation of biofilms which further increased the frequency of adhesion and finally invasion of bacteria into the human gut cells. These pathogenic changes damage our intestine and make it more susceptible towards the infection, causing sepsis (a condition in which the bacteria will be able to cross the gut and enter into the bloodstream, which further leads to the blood poisoning), and multiple organs are damaged.

 

Reference:

Aparna shil and Havovi Chichger, Artificial sweeteners negatively regulate pathogenic characteristics of two model gut bacteria E.coli and E. faecalis. 2021, MDPI.  doi- 10.3390/ijms22105228