Image by Markus Winkler from Pixabay 

 Scientific writer- Simpal Kumar Suman, Biotechnologist(Int. PhD., Research Scholar) and , Patna (Bihar), India

Healthcare policy is the vital policy and pillar of life care. It has  multiple strategies to implement successfully nationwide and worldwide but challenging. All strategies can be broadly categorized into three attributes: decisions, plans, and actions to achieve specific sets of healthcare goals. Healthcare policies may includes any rules, projects, schemes or research which finally sink in the public domain for the better care of  life. Healthcare policies greatly affected  human resources and the nation’s strengthens. Healthcare policy is  not always constant and its improvement is essential when massive population of the world or nations are suffering from  pandemic situation or life threatening diseases or other situations that affecting medical condition (life’s quality).

In the scenario of COVID-19 pandemic, to making global health policies(universality) and nationwide health policies(relativity) being felt essential. Nationwide health policies(NHP) may differs from country to country but global health policies(GHP) is the same in all nations of the world. Digital technology(DT) initiatives is relatively different  from country to country which is being used in pandemic preparedness and response.  According to WHO, there are three main categories of stakeholders: the State (government organizations and agencies at central and sub-national level), the health service providers (different public and private for and not for profit clinical, para-medical and non-clinical health services providers; unions and other professional associations; networks of care or of services), the citizen (population representatives, patients’ associations, CSOs/NGOs, citizens associations protecting the poor, etc.) who interact with each other and determine the health system and its governance. In this pandemic all stakeholders are working collaboratively using the arm of digital technology. Disease prevention, management, treatment, alarming health emergency, proper patients compliance, digital surveillance and monitoring, information circulations, cohort study, interventional research, data representation, panel discussion, stakeholders co-ordination  etc. are being happened remotely through digital technology. Digital technology in healthcare system bought revolution. Big data and artificial intelligence(AI) based devices/tools such as smartphones, thermal camera etc. and database repositories are making new sense in this pandemic. Tracking, infection screening, contact tracing, quarantine and self-isolation and  clinical management are possible through digital technologies like Artificial intelligence; digital thermometers; mobile phone applications; thermal cameras; machine learning; global positioning systems; wearable technology; telemedicine platforms; web-based toolkits etc.  Research data published  by national  and international administrative bodies, research institutions and regulatory bodies enabling researchers use of data for public healthcare. Healthcare system based on  digital technology become the vast sector in this pandemic. This pandemic acts like booster in the digital healthcare industries.

References:

1.Whitelaw S, Mamas MA, Topol E, Van Spall HGC. Applications of digital technology in COVID-19 pandemic planning and response. Lancet Digit Health. 2020 Aug;2(8):e435-e440. doi: 10.1016/S2589-7500(20)30142-4. Epub 2020 Jun 29. PMID: 32835201; PMCID: PMC7324092.

2.https://www.who.int/health-topics/health-systems-governance#tab=tab_1