There are many arms of biotechnology that made biotech world. The world of biotechnology can be divided  into 3 main domains. These are –

  • Research and Development  Domain
  • Intellectual Property  Right Domain
  • Marketing and commercializing Domain
  • Regulatory Domain

Regulatory domain can be divided into 4  sub -domains.

  • Bio-safety regulation
  • Environmental regulation
  • Ethical regulation
  • Bio-economy   and funding  regulation

At the national and international level, so many governmental and non- governmental bodies are involved.

List of International  Regulatory Bodies– Regulatory Domain

AbbreviationFull formFoundation yearHead quarters
BIOBiotechnology Innovation Organization1993Washington, D.C., United States
CBERCenter for Biologics Evaluation and Research1902  Rockville, Maryland, United States
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention1946Atlanta, Georgia, United States
ECEuropean Commission1958Brussels, Belgium
EPAEnvironmental Protection Agency1970Washington, D.C., United States
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization1945Rome, Italy
FDAFood and Drug Administration1906Silver Spring, Maryland, United States
IBCInstitutional Biosafety Committee1978Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States
IFBCInternational Food Biotechnology Council1988……………………………
IMFInternational Monetary Fund1945Washington, D.C. U.S.
IUSSTFIndo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum2000New Delhi(India)
NIH National Institutes of Health1887Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development1961Paris, France
USDAUnited States Department of Agriculture1862Washington, D.C., United States
UNUnited Nations1945New York, United States
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme1972Nairobi, Kenya
UNICEFUnited Nations Children’s Fund1946New York, United States
UNIDOUnited Nations Industrial Development Organization1966Vienna, Austria
WBWorld Bank1944Washington, D.C., United States
WHOWorld Health Organization1948Geneva, Switzerland
WIPOWorld Intellectual Property Organization1967Geneva, Switzerland
WTOWorld Trade Organization 1995Geneva, Switzerland