Introduction: Intellectual Property Right (IPR)

Intellectual property is the intangible(untouchable) property.

IP(Intellectual  Property): The work or creation of the mind

Form of IP: An idea, Invention, Process, Literacy, Artistic works, Symbols, Names, Images, Designs, etc.

IPR: It can be defined as the rights given to people over the creations of their minds.

The intellectual property (IP) system is designed to protect the creator’s intellectual achievements, both at the national level and international level.

IP system is the system of creative peoples. 

History: Intellectual Property Right (IPR)

Time period  Events            Description

1883   Paris Convention-       The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.

1886   Berne Convention-    The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.

1891   Madrid Agreement –  The Madrid System for the international registration of marks.

1893   BIRPI established-    The Paris and Berne Conventions combine to form BIRPI

1970   WIPO established –    BIRPI becomes WIPO

1974   WIPO joins the UN-, Becoming a specialized agency of the UN.

1978   PCT System launched- WIPO’s largest international IP filing system today.

1994   AMC established-         To help solve international commercial disputes between private parties

1998   WIPO Academy –   For intellectual property (IP) education and training for WIPO member states.

2007   WIPO Development Agenda adopted –It ensures that development considerations form an integral part of       WIPO’s work.

Two Categories of  Intellectual Property (IP)

A.Industrial Property



 Industrial Designs

 Geographic Indications of Source


Literacy works Novels, Poems, Stories, quotes, etc.

Artistic works: Drawings, Paintings, Photographs, Sculptures, and Architectural Designs.

Musical works: Films, Songs

Remarks*: Films and broadcasts(like TV programs)  may also include literary works, dramatic works, musical works and/or sound recordings.