*International Regulatory Bodies 

There are many arms of biotechnology that made biotech world. The world of biotechnology can be divided  into 4 main domains. These are –

  • Research and Development  Domain

  • Intellectual Property  Right Domain

  • Marketing and commercializing Domain

  • Regulatory Domain

Regulatory domain can be divided into 4  sub -domains.

  • Bio-safety regulation

  • Environmental regulation

  • Ethical regulation

  • Bio-economy   and funding  regulation

At the national and international level, so many governmental and non- governmental bodies are involved.

*List of International  Regulatory Bodies (Regulatory Domain)

Abbreviations

Full forms

Foundation years

Headquarters

BIO

Biotechnology Innovation Organization

1993

Washington, D.C., United States

CBER

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research

1902  

Rockville, Maryland, United States

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

1946

Atlanta, Georgia, United States

EC

European Commission

1958

Brussels, Belgium

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

1970

Washington, D.C., United States

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

1945

Rome, Italy

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

1906

Silver Spring, Maryland, United States

IBC

Institutional Biosafety Committee

1978

Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States

IFBC

International Food Biotechnology Council

1988

……………………………

IMF

International Monetary Fund

1945

Washington, D.C. U.S.

IUSSTF

Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum

2000

New Delhi(India)

NIH

 National Institutes of Health

1887

Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

1961

Paris, France

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

1862

Washington, D.C., United States

UN

United Nations

1945

New York, United States

UNEP

 United Nations Environment Programme

1972

Nairobi, Kenya

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

1946

New York, United States

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

1966

Vienna, Austria

WB

World Bank

1944

Washington, D.C., United States

WHO

World Health Organization

1948

Geneva, Switzerland

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

1967

Geneva, Switzerland

WTO

World Trade Organization 

1995

Geneva, Switzerland